She said. "My brother wants to go with me." →She said her brother wanted to go with her.
He said to Kate. "How is your sister now?" →He asked Kate how her sister was then。
Mr. Smith said: "Jack is a good worker。"→Mr. Smith said Jack was a good worker。
1) She said. "I have lost a pen." →She said she had lost a pen.
2) She said. "We hope so." →She said they hoped so.
3) She said. "He will go to see his friend。"→She said he would go to see his friend。
"The earth moves around the sun and the moon moves around the earth, the teacher told me. → The teacher told me the earth moves around the sun and the moon moves around the earth。
Jack said. “John, where were you going when I met you in the street?” →Jack asked John where he was going when he met him in the street。
Xiao Wang said. "I was born on April 20, 1980。" →Xiao Wang said he was born on April 20, 1980。
He said, "I get up at six every morning。" →He said he gets up at six every morning。
⑤如果直接引语中的情态动词没有过去时的形式（例：ought to， had better, used to)和已经是过去时的形式时，（例：could, should, would, might）不再变。如：
Peter said. "You had better come have today。" →Peter said I had better go there that day。
直接引语变间接引语，状语变化有其内在规则，时间状语由“现在”改为“原来”（例：now变为then, yesterday变为 the day before）地点状语，尤其表示方向性的，或用指示代词修饰的状语，由“此”改为“彼”（例：this 改为that),如：
He said, "These books are mine." →He said those books were his.
①直接引语如果是陈述句，间接引语应改为由that引导的宾语从句。如：She said, "Our bus will arrive in five minutes." →She said that their bus would arrive in five minutes.
②直接引语如果是反意疑问句，选择疑问句或一般疑问句，间接引语应改为由whether或if引导的宾语从句.如：He said, "Can you swim, John?" →He asked John if he could swim.
"You have finished the homework, haven't you?" my mother asked. →My mother asked me whether I had finished the homework.
"Do you go to school by bus or by bike?" →He asked me if I went to school by bus or by bike.
She asked me, "When do they have their dinner?"→ She asked me when they had their dinner.
④直接引语如果是祈使句，间接引语应改为"tell(ask, order, beg等) sb.(not) to do sth."句型。如：
"Don't make any noise," she said to the children. →She told (ordered) the children not to make any noise.
"Bring me a cup of tea, please," said she. →She asked him to bring her a cup of tea.
He said, " Let's go to the film." →He suggested going to the film.或He suggested that they should go to see the film.
John said, "I'm going to London with my father."
John said that he was going to London with his father.
间接引语为that引导的宾语从句（口语中that可以省略），主句的引述动词主要有say ,tell, repeat, explain, think等。
He said, "You are younger than I.” He said (that) I was younger than him.
间接引语为陈述语序：主句的谓语动词say 改为ask,或改为wonder, do not know, want to know, be not sure, be puzzled等。
（1） 一般疑问句或反意疑问句变为if (whether)引导的宾语从句。
She said, "Do you often come here to read newspapers?"
→She asked me if (或whether)I often went there to read newspapers.
She asked me, "You have seen the film, haven't you?"
→She asked me whether(或if )I had seen the film.
（2） 选择疑问句变为whether….or 宾语从句。
I asked him, "Will you stay at home or go to a film tonight?"
→I asked him whether he would stay at home or go to a film that night.
He asked, "Where do you live?" →He asked me where I lived.
间接引语为不定式，作ask , tell, beg, order, warn, advise等动词的宾语补足语（don't 变为not ）.
The teacher said to the boy, "Open the window." →The teacher told the boy to open the window.
His father said to him, “Don't leave the door open.” →His father told him not to leave the door open.
（1） 有些表示建议、提议、劝告或要求的祈使句，可以用suggest ,insist等动词 加以转述。例如：
He said, "Let's go to the theatre."
→He suggested (our )going to the theatre.或He suggested that we(should) go to the theatre.
(2) "Would you mind opening the window?" he asked.
→He asked me to open the window.
"Why don't you take a walk after supper?" he asked .
→he advised me to take a walk after supper.
"Shall we listen to the music?" he asked.
→He suggested listening to the music.
间接引语为what 或how 引导，也可以用that 引导。直接引语变间接引语的用法
She said, "What a lovely day it is !"
→She said what a lovely day it was .或She said that it was a lovely day.
The teacher said "The earth goes round the sun."
→The teacher said that the earth goes round the sun.
He said to me, "I was born in 1973."
→He told me that he was born in 1973.
He said, "I'm a boy, not a girl."
→He said that he is a boy ,not a girl.
The girl said, "I get up at six every morning."
→The girl said that she gets up at six every morning.
(5)如果直接引语中含有since, when, while 引导的表示过去时间的状语从句，在变为间接引语时，只改变主句中的谓语动词，从句的一般过去时则不变。如：
He said to me, "I have taught English since he came here ."
→He told me that he had taught English since he came here.
(6)如果直接引语中含有情态动词 must, need, had better以及情态动词的过去式could, might, should, would,在变为间接引语时，这些情态动词没有时态的改变。例如：
The teacher said to me . "You must pay more attention to your pronunciation."
→The teacher told me that I must (have to ) pay more attention to my pronunciation.
He said , "I could swim when I was only six ."
→He said that he could swim when he was only six.
指示代词 this ---that
表示时间的词 now --- then
today--- that day
this week(month ,etc) ----that week (month ,etc)
yesterday ----the day before
last week(month) --- the week(month) before
three days(a year)ago---three days(a year)before
tomorrow ----the next (following ) day
next week(month)--the next(following)week(month)
表地点的词 here --there
动词 bring -- take
例：He said:" It is too late."
例：He said it was too late.
直接引语 She said:" I am hungry."
间接引语 She said she was hungry.
直接引语 Mum said to me:" You must clean your bedroom by yourself."
间接引语 Mum told me that I had to clean my bedroom by myself.
例如：Teacher told us:" The moon moves round the earth."
Teacher told us the moon moves round the earth.
例如：She said:" I went to England in 1998."
She said she went to England in 1998.
He says:" I bought you a book yesterday."
He says that he bought me a book yesterday.
如：She said:" I am a girl."
She said that she was a girl. (that可以省略)
例如：She asked me:" Are you Mr. Li?"
She asked me if I was Mr. Li.
She asked us: "Do you want to go on a picnic?"
She asked us if we wanted to go on a picnic.
例如："How much have we spent on petrol this year," Susan asked her husband.
Susan asked her husband how much they had spent on petrol that year.
一改：said (to) 改为asked或told, ordered等
二变：said to 的宾语或呼语变为asked等的宾语
例：He said to her:" Don't take the book away."
He asked her not take the book away.
"What awful weather it is!" she said.
She complained about the awful weather.
"What a bright girl you are." He said to me.
He praised me that I was a bright girl.